Git is one of the most widely used and popular version control systems prevailing today. It was initially developed back in 2005 as an open-source project by the developer of the Linux operating system. With time, Git has advanced and actively maintained its share in the competitive environment.
Git version controlling is widely used by several creators when creating various types of both commercial and non-commercial projects. All Git-based developers are highly experienced and thoughtful individuals whose inputs must be considered as treasured resources.
Git as a control system
In simple terms, it is used as a content tracker, which therefore means it is suitable for code storage due to additional features it offers to the developers.
As a version control system. Codes stored in the Git keeps altering due to the other codes being added.
Besides, many developers add their codes in parallel, which makes a version control system very important since it helps in handling changes by maintaining the history of changes that could have occurred. Moreover, it offers features such as mergers and branches, thus simplifying the work of the developers.
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What are the benefits?
- Performance. Git has one of the most reliable and robust performance when equated to other types of version control systems. For instance, it is easy to constrain all changes occurring in a code as well as a simple comparison and merging of version branches hence making it possible to optimize systems for better performance. The advanced algorithms applied in the creation of Git uses the full advantage of superior knowledge retained within in conjunction with the features used during the production of base code file trees.
- Security. Git has the distributed version control system with a remote repository, which in turn is stored in a remote server and a local repository stored in a computer for every developer. It implies that every code isn’t just stored in a central server but rather as a complete copy. The integrity of the developer’s source code was one of the reasons for the development of it. File contents and the relationship between various file directories, commits are all secured through cryptography using an algorithm known as SHA1. This software protects your code against accidental or malicious historical changes.
- Flexibility. The main objective of Git is offering undisputed flexibility in supporting various types of nonlinear development tasks and with excellent efficiency in handling both large and small projects and protocols. Git is mainly designed to promote branching and tagging operations and to store every activity undertaken as a critical component of change history.
Step-by-step instructions on how to use Git
- Create your GitHub account. It is a natural process since with your email address and a password (remember it’s always free)
- Create a new repository. A repository is simply the “place” where you will be storing your codes. To create your unique code repository, pick the latest catalog from the plus sign (+) drop-down menu. Fill in your name for your repository name and click on the Create repository button. Now you are done with the first repo set up.
- File creation. After creating your repo, type git, then press Enter. If the response is a command not found, you can install Git with this command that suitable for your Linux operating system.
- Create a Git commit. It is merely an accomplishment of several tasks comprising a milestone. You can create a Git commit with unique features every time you complete a job to store a particular file version. After creating your Git commit, ensure to include a message such as my first commit to help you in the future to identify such commit.
- Connect your computer with your newly created GitHub repo. It merely enables you to get a connection with your GitHub repo via GitHub.com by mere typing origin instead of the complete URLs and thus relocating your code storage.