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[NextCloud] NextCloud 12.0 installation with MariaDB and PHP 7.1

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  5. [NextCloud] NextCloud 12.0 installation with MariaDB and PHP 7.1

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The tutorial was prepared with our “CentOS 7” template and is meant to work on our self-managed virtual private servers.

0. Preliminary requirements:
“CentOS 7” template installed on server;
Fully updates server software (yum update);
“Nano” text editor installed (yum install nano -y).

1. MariaDB installation

yum install mariadb-server

Enable MariaDB to automatically start after server reboot:

systemctl enable mariadb

Start MariaDB:

systemctl start mariadb

Now run the post installation security script:

mysql_secure_installation

When script asks you to enter MariaDB root password, press enter because you have not set the root password yet. Then enter y to set the root password for MariaDB server. And proceed with Enter press to answer all the remaining questions.

2. PHP 7 installation

Since PHP 7.1 is not yet packaged in official repositories for the major distributions, we’ll have to rely on a third-party source. We will be using Webtatic YUM repository:

sudo rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

Install the new PHP 7 packages from IUS repository:

yum install -y mod_php71w php71w-cli php71w-common php71w-gd php71w-mbstring php71w-mcrypt php71w-mysqlnd php71w-xml

Restart Apache to load the new version of PHP:

systemctl restart httpd

3. Creating MariaDB database and user

Login to your MariaDB:

mysql -u root -p

Create database:

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;

Create user:

CREATE USER [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password';

Grant privileges for user and exit:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* to [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password';

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

exit;

4. Enable Binary Logging in MariaDB

nano /etc/my.cnf

Add the following three lines in [mysqld] section:

log-basename=master
log-bin
binlog-format=mixed

Restart MariaDB:

systemctl restart mariadb

5. Download NextCloud files:

Download latest NextCloud package:

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-12.0.0.zip

Latest release can be found at: https://nextcloud.com/install/#instructions-server

Extract it:

unzip nextcloud-12.0.0.zip

Move files to your Apache directory:

mv nextcloud/* nextcloud/.* /var/www/html/

6. Setting strong directory permissions

Create “permissions.sh” file:

nano permissions.sh

Insert the content:

#!/bin/bash
ncpath=’/var/www/html/’
htuser=’apache’
htgroup=’apache’
rootuser=’root’

printf “Creating possible missing Directories\n”
mkdir -p $ncpath/data
mkdir -p $ncpath/assets
mkdir -p $ncpath/updater

printf “chmod Files and Directories\n”
find ${ncpath}/ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0640
find ${ncpath}/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0750

printf “chown Directories\n”
chown -R ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/apps/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/assets/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/config/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/data/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/themes/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/updater/

chmod +x ${ncpath}/occ

printf “chmod/chown .htaccess\n”
if [ -f ${ncpath}/.htaccess ]
then
chmod 0644 ${ncpath}/.htaccess
chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/.htaccess
fi
if [ -f ${ncpath}/data/.htaccess ]
then
chmod 0644 ${ncpath}/data/.htaccess
chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ncpath}/data/.htaccess
fi

Run the file:

bash permissions.sh

7. NextCloud installation

Open your server hostname or IP address in browser and finish the installation.

More information about NextCloud project can be found at: https://nextcloud.com/

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